One of the most beautiful garden flowers - Bougainvillea or Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea) is native to South America - from Brazil to Peru and the southern parts of Argentina. Named after the Frenchman Louis Antoine de Bougainville, this impressive representative of the tropical flora conquered the world in a short time. Belonging to the Nyctaginaceae family, bougainvillea is also known by many other names such as Bugambillia, Bougainvillea, Santa Rita, Napoleon, Trinitaria, Papelillo, etc., and in its homeland it is called Primavera. Currently, various authors assume the existence of between 4 and 18 species in the genus, and more than 300 different variations are known, which are difficult to classify, given the many crosses of different generations of hybrids. In fact, the beautiful flowers of this twisted shrub or tree are not flowers, but bracts. The real flowers are hidden in the center of the bracts.





Growing bougainvillea is a task of medium complexity and depends mainly on the climatic conditions of the territory where it occurs, but the speed of development of different species varies from slow to fast. In the equatorial regions, the plant blooms all year round, and elsewhere it is seasonal, with flowering averaging between 4 and 6 weeks. Bougainvillea is extremely attractive to lovers of Bonsaibecause they adapt with ease and thus, and with a similar technique can be grown as house flowers with a fabulous bloom in the spring.

These plants love sunlight and heat. If the temperature drops below 10-12 degrees and the Bougainvillea is in the garden, it is time to store it indoors and vice versa - if the minimum temperatures remain above 15-16 degrees, the plant can come out again in the garden. The soil should be well drained. Moderate fertilization works well, but overdosing affects the leaf mass, not the beautiful flowers.
Irrigation is good to increase slightly in February and March to stimulate growth, and in the light of the day it is also good to maintain higher humidity, which will help the budding. By mid-April, when the plant is already growing steadily, watering can be as regular as fertilization. We will not specify because, as we have already mentioned, hybrid variations are many and the details of each are different. As soon as the bracts show color, it is advisable to move the Bougainvillea to a cooler place without the continuous direct sunlight (the so-called shadow color), which will help to mature and retain the beautiful bracts longer. With such a change, it is likely that the leaves will be released during the air-conditioning and watering should be diluted during this period.
As soon as the bracts fall, it is good to have fertilizer with nitrogen fertilizer to stimulate a second wave of flowering. Once the flowering is complete (usually in September), the watering of Bougainvillea is diluted to two days in a row and the fertilization stops. Since November, watering should be rare but abundant.