We present four unique ideas for a garden pond or

How to Make a Pond in the Garden |

Probably many people assume that making a garden lake is difficult and expensive. It's not really that way. It takes a little more effort, a dose of imagination as well as basic materials and tools for working in the garden. There are two options for the base - to use a ready-made plastic mold or to cover the trench with insulating material. Here we will present a variant for a garden pond with an insulating coating (foil), as the ready-made troughs are easy to install, but they are the more expensive variant, and their shape is set in advance.

The insulation foil can be made of different materials - polyethylene, PVC and more. Of course, unnecessary ones can also be used - free of billboard (vinyl), residual reinforced polyethylene, etc. All of these flexible films vary in thickness, cost and quality, and heavier ones are more expensive, more durable, and more resistant to puncture and tear than lightweight ones. If you are using waste or used foil, it is a good idea that it has not been exposed to direct sunlight for a long time.

1. Choose the location of the pond on flat, relatively high ground level - avoid low terrain where it is possible in the rain for water to flow and overflow the lake. First, outline the shape of the pond at the planned location. Use twine or rope to outline the desired shape. In the middle you can narrow and after finishing the pond, put a decorative bridge on top. Dig the floors, remove all large stones, rocks and rhizomes.

2. Level the upper edges, remove the unevenness and level the heights. Make sure that the upper edge of the lake is at a higher level than the surrounding terrain. It must be very well compacted and fixed or reinforced with a rigid structure to prevent subsidence from overflowing or softening of the soil in the rain.

3. Installation of the insulating foil

Care should be taken with its placement as it may break. Sand, carefully cleaned and tamped soil, an old carpet or carpet can be used as a pad. When calculating the foil dimensions, be sure to add at least 20-25 cm for the edges (to width and length). Expand the siding in the trench and temporarily cover its edges with a few stones. If you have enough foil, it is good to put more than one layer.

4. After the insulation film has been installed, it is advisable to cover the bottom and sides (by stacking on the formed terraces) with stones of a smaller shape, to prevent it from burning out of the sun and breaking. Fill the trench with water. Shape the edges of the lake to cover the edges of the foil. Then surround the lake with decorative stones. You can plant various flowers and shrubs around it. Avoid plants that develop a large root system. Plant the aquatic plants in dense soil in containers and place them inside the lake, and the underwater plants with the help of sand.

5. If you do not use water filters, shortly after filling the pond, algae formation (greening) will probably begin, which should go away when the aquatic plants develop enough.

6. If you want to have a fountain in the lake, i.e. to pour the water through a dish or other vessel, put a pipe, the inlet of which is submerged in the lake, and the outlet mounts the jar. The water is turned by a pump, passed through the pipe and infused back into the lake by means of the pitcher.

7. You can use different types of underwater lighting to get an amazingly beautiful effect in the evening.

To filter the water and pump power, you will need to consult the specialists in the respective stores, as these characteristics are determined by the volume of your lake.