Part 1 - Selection and purchase

Phalaenopsis (Phalaenopsis) are a genus of orchids of about 60 species. They are one of the most popular because of their extremely easy growing. Intense crossover of species has led to a large number of hybrids with many shapes and color variations. They are more adaptable to home conditions than botanical species. Hybrids forgive the mistakes of beginners more easily than natural flowers, so if you want to grow orchids it is better to start with them, and only after you have made the attempt to switch to "purebred" specimens.

Phalaenopsis Orchid - How to Choose, Raise, and Care
There is no perfect laic orchid - it all depends on the conditions in the room. Phalaenopsis is the right choice for living quarters and even just this kind can create a wonderful garden that enjoys its colors throughout the year. However, what should be considered when buying a plant of this kind?
When buying Phalaenopsis, it is necessary to pay attention to the condition of the leaves. Healthy orchid leaves are bright green, juicy, fleshy and absolutely smooth. The flabby and yellowing leaves are the first sign of a diseased plant. They should not have any indentations, spots or wrinkles, soft areas or uncharacteristic colors - yellow, brown, etc. The central part should be clean - no doubt. If a leaf grows in the center of the socket / rosette (Lat. Rosula), this is very good and means that the growth point is not damaged. If a spike grows in the center, it means that the nest in question has completed its development and will no longer grow. Under favorable conditions, a daughter will emerge from this nest, which will be the continuation of the Phalaenopsis, inheriting all the signs of the parent. This inheritance and development of the "child" is a slow process and if you have no experience or desire do not buy such plants.
Inspect the base of the leaves and the root collar (the place where the roots grow) - they should be clean, bright, without suspicious spots. If there are transparent, dark and damp places, you should not take the plant. At all costs, remove a small part of the bark / soil and look at the condition of the roots. The presence of mold odor may be evidence of rotting roots. The base in which the flower is located must be clean and without traces of mold. Orchids are usually sold in clear plastic pots and this allows the root system to be inspected well. Healthy roots are fibrous, dense, dense.
Buying a revalued / promotional Phalaenopsis always carries a risk, so do an inspection on the signs already described. If you have doubts and are unsure of your power, you better not make the purchase. However, if you are unsure, depending on the condition of the flower, you may need to take some resuscitation. Good packaging is also recommended after purchase.
Orchid purchased may need replanting, but provided the substrate is well placed, it may be delayed for some time. Keep in mind that when transplanted, the colors dry quickly. You can remove a small portion of the soil substrate to provide more air access to the roots. If the roots of the acquired orchid are in poor condition, replanting is a must, since regardless of the color fading, the general condition of the Phalaenopsis is more important. The smell of rot is a sure indication of a diseased root system, but it should not be confused with the slight aroma of the raw peel. Given that the appearance of the roots through the pot walls is indistinct and fuzzy, this is evidence of initial decay. If you want to enjoy the color but it is urgent to move the plant, you can cut the flower stem and place it in a vase where it will last for some time.

Part 2 - Basic Care - Temperature

Part 3 - Basic Care - Humidity and Soil Substrate

Part 4 - Basic care - Light and transplanting

Part 5 - Basic Care - Watering, spraying, fertilizing