One of the most beautiful indoor flowers is the Hoya (also called Porcelain flower or Wax plant). This group includes about 300 representatives of the genus Oleander (Apocynaceae), originating in Asia and Australia. Of course, only a few of them are grown at home, but are highly prized for their attractive waxy coating and sweet aroma of colors. Usually, they are light pink, but can range from almost white to dark red, almost black. They are greenish and grouped in tuffs. Popular representatives are Hoya carnosa, Hoya kerrii, Hoya linearis, Hoya multiflora, Hoya cumingiana, Hoya mindorensis, Hoya pubicalyx, Hoya shepherdii, Hoya lacunosa, Hoya australis and others. As well as Orchids и PineappleHoya is an epiphyte - it lives attached to a living plant without being parasitized by it - it roots in the bark of a tree, but feeds on the environment (air, water, sun). In rare cases, it grows as a shrubby representative of the earth, and sometimes in rocky places. This evergreen vines reaches sizes from 1 to 20 meters, evolving by climbing its roots. The leaves are fleshy, bilaterally arranged, and are smooth or mossy, with a number of species covered with white, marble specks.
The flowers grow on branches that are perennial and lengthen with each new flowering. The shape of the color is usually a star with five fleshy, waxy and triangular petals covered with a crown of another star-shaped part. In addition to the aroma, most of the hoi also produce nectar.
The flower is not susceptible to very high temperatures and at home the optimum summer is between 18 and 25 degrees, and in winter it is good to move to a room with temperatures between 12 and 16 degrees. Any currents or sudden temperature dips will cause some of the leaves to fall off.
The hookah adapts with ease to the humidity in the room, but like any species of its native width, it responds very well to periodic spraying. However, this should not be done during flowering. It is desirable to wipe the leaves carefully when dusting them.
Watering the hookah should not allow water to be kept in the pot, keeping the substrate moist through one or two waterings a week with soft and steady water for a while.
Fertilization is from March to October - twice a month with a universal mineral complex, which is poured into the soil, but away from the roots of the plant.
Hoya is very good immune and is not susceptible to disease, although in rare cases it can develop fungal infections. On dry summer days, it is possible for the plant to be attacked by various pests, requiring protective intervention. The emergence of roundworms (nematodes) may necessitate cutting and destroying the affected areas, replacing the soil, incl. and sterilization of the sanction.
Hoya care can be improved by monitoring behavioral symptoms - slow growth and weak leaves mean lack of nutrient medium, the appearance of spots on the leaves is a sign of lack or excess of light, and their yellowing is due to high temperature.
In general, hookah blooms seamlessly, but can be if needed stimulates with warm showers like the Orchidsas well as dipping in a pot of warm water for about an hour and a half.
The hibernation should be in a cool place and should not be transplanted when buds appear.