Camellia is one of the most beautiful plants grown both as houseplants and as a garden. Cultivated in China and Japan centuries before they were known to the Western world, these evergreen shrubs or trees are known from the Himalayas to Indonesia. They are a genus of the family Theaceae, with between 100 and 300 (according to contradictory data) representatives, and today are known over 3000 varieties and hybrids, the most popular of which are Camellia japonica with over 2000 varieties. They are followed by Camellia reticulata with over 400 varieties and Camellia sasanqua with over 300. Often called the "Queen of Winter Flowers", due to its early flowering, camellia is of great economic importance for the regions where it is produced industrially. From tea, cooking, essential oils and ornamental plants to chemistry and pharmacy, the benefits of this extremely beautiful flower are many.

The colors range from white to pink to deep red, though yellow representatives such as Camellia chrysantha are also found in parts of southern China and Vietnam. Due to the destruction of their natural habitats, some species have become extremely rare and endangered.




Camellia grows extremely well in acidic soils with excellent drainage, prefers relatively low temperatures and good moisture. Their flowering cannot be placed under a common time denominator, because it varies according to the type and climatic conditions, which is good if you want to have different specimens and constantly blooming flowers. There are species whose flowering begins when other flowers hibernate, and there are those that bloom before the others have "woken up", and their active period can vary from two to six months.

Like most representatives of these latitudes, the camellia loves moisture - the warmer the weather, the more often it should be watered. As the temperatures decrease, watering is diluted, leaving the soil to dry about 1-2 cm in depth, but not more. As we said, this plant loves low temperatures, but while some species do not have problems with frosts down to -20 degrees, more beautiful and sensitive specimens should not be left to freeze.

High humidity is also good for most species, and frequent spraying should avoid wetting colors, which will shorten their life span.

Direct sunlight is not recommended for young plants, generally the best choice is protected from strong currents by a spot with a shady shadow, but with a sufficiently long period of illumination. Temperatures around and just above the 20 degree are tolerated by the flower during the bud formation, but as long as it can be cooler it is desirable.

Fertilizing is generally not necessary, but if the camellia is viewed as a house flower, then from the beginning of May to the end of July it can be carefully fertilized from one to two times a month with a complex mineral fertilizer for house flowers. As of August, any addition of soil improvers is undesirable.

Camellia can be trimmed and shaped. The recommended method of propagation is cuttings, as the seeds may delay flowering. When grown at home, it is desirable to transplant 2-3 years, as it is done in early winter.